Josef Herman

Born in Warsaw in 1911. Figurative painter and draughtsman; his subjects, treated in sombre tones, are taken mainly from miners and field labourers. Studied at the Warsaw School of Art 1930–2. First exhibited in Warsaw 1932. Left Poland for Brussels 1938 before settling in Glasgow 1940. Met Jankel Adler, another refugee, and painted for the first two years nostalgic reminiscences of his childhood. Came to London with his Scottish wife and had an exhibition with L. S. Lowry in 1943. Later settled in the Welsh mining village of Ystradgynlais 1944, where he worked for the next ten years at first drawing and from 1947 painting pictures of miners. Became a naturalized British subject 1948. Member of the London Group 1952. Lived in London from 1953 and travelled to France, Italy, Spain, Germany and Israel. Retrospective exhibition at the Whitechapel Art Gallery 1956. Died in 2000.